Old English Sheepdog & Shaggy Dog Rescue
& Home Grooming The Companion Old English
Note: This list is in the works and not yet
Things To Consider &
Questions To Ask
When Buying An Old English
"Buy an OES from a responsible
breeder or adopt one from a rescue or
We often have an immediate
desire to own an Old English Sheepdog puppy and
there's probably a breeder somewhere that will
sell us one. But how do we know we're buying a
quality puppy? We see that adorable puppy before
us and common sense often goes right out the
window. Not all breeders
are ethical in their breeding practices.
Even with a breed club endorsement, we still
need to ask these questions before selecting a puppy. This list may help you
to ask those questions in your search for a
companion OES that you may live with for the next
10-15 years. Our hope is that you
will be able to make a better informed
#1 Priority: Good
Temperament & Good Health.
Beauty and conformation complete the total
If you end up with only one of these things,
hope that it's a good temperament.
1. Temperament- Are
both parents friendly with strangers? If
one or both puppy parents have a
fearful, aggressive or otherwise
unsound temperament, can we
expect their puppy to be any
different? No one wants a
dog that bites or who's behavior
is aggressive or unpredictable.
If at all
possible, visit the breeder and meet both
mother and father of the litter to determine if they are friendly and
social. Do they come up to you like
they're happy to see you or are they nervous,
standoffish or trying to avoid you?
Aggressive dogs or dogs with unstable
temperaments should never be the foundation for
future OES puppies. You do not want the
puppy you purchase to have behavior problems
that make him/her difficult or even dangerous to live
with. The parents' temperament is the
foundation of your puppy... experiences, proper training and
socialization will all affect
the dog your puppy will become.
both the mother and father
friendly toward strangers?
Have any of the dogs the
breeder currently has or
ever produced had temperament
Are puppies still with their mother or has
the breeder been forced to
Certification & Titles:
These are qualities that may
support higher puppy prices and
help provide information about
the parents. Example: Canine Good
Citizenship or Therapy Dog
Certification indicate a dog's
training, good manners and self
control while in public.
Have all breeding dogs been
tested and certified by the OFA, PennHIP or OVC
and CERF rated? (OFA
certification will be used as an example in the
Responsible breeders in the USA
will not breed their dogs before they have been OFA
and CERF rated. Dogs cannot be tested in order to
obtain OFA hip ratings until after
the age of 2 years. So it is likely a red flag if the
mother and father were under 2 years of age when
bred because they couldn't be tested and OFA hip
Do not rely on the word of the breeder that
breeding dogs are "just fine" because
their personal vet has said so...
request the dam and sire names and registration
number and verify it yourself.
Certification: OFA- Orthopedic Foundation
For Animals for hip/elbow
certification. PennHIP- The University of
Pennsylvania (PennHIP test results are not
currently available online.) OVC- Ontario Veterinary
College for hip/elbow
certification. (Canada) For a
great article on
choosing a breeder
in Canada, please
Health Certifications: OFA- Orthopedic Foundation
For Animals for health ratings.
Certification: CERF- Canine Eye
performs the exam
and the findings are
sent to CERF for
valid for 1 year and
must be repeated
both parents registered with
the American Kennel Club (AKC)?
Request the registered name and/or
of both parents and ask which organization
has provided health certification.
(Mother) Registered Name _________________________________________________________________ Registration Number
___________________________________________________ Health certification is through-
(request copy from breeder)
How old is the mother?
____________________ How many litters
has she produced or whelped?______________________ If this isn't her first litter, when was
her preceding litter
Registered Name _________________________________________________________________
Registration Number ___________________________________________________
Health certification is through-
(request copy from breeder)
How old is the
With the dam and sire information,
visit the website of the organization that
certified the health of these dogs and search
for test results. The OFA provides unbiased ratings on
canine orthopedic and genetic health.
Reputable breeders will pretest their dogs
(before breeding), then submit the x-rays or
test results to the OFA (or PennHIP or OVC).
The OFA publishes results online for the
public to view.
Important: Acceptable OFA ratings are not a guarantee that a dog's
puppy won't suffer from a genetic condition.
Even dogs with excellent hips can produce
puppies with hip dysplasia... and dogs with fair
hips might produce puppies with good hips-
A breeder's experience, knowledge and
research plus OFA certifications give us the
best chance at buying a healthy puppy.
conditions have affected the breeder's lines?
Dysplasia, Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), Cerebellar Abiotrophy (CA), autoimmune disorders
ranging from hypothyroidism and allergies to
serious blood disorders just to name a few.
Health issues can pop up in the best of lines
and not all health problems are genetic. (Over
exercising a puppy or keeping a puppy too heavy
can play a part in joint problems.)
It's what a breeder does once this happens that
shows a breeder's dedication to the breed's
future and the puppies they produce. A
responsible breeder will not repeat a breeding
where there has been a genetic defect but will
instead spay/neuter the dog(s) that passed along
the defect so no future dogs will inherit the
condition. Some conditions can be managed,
others can be heartbreaking.
How many of us would
stand on the steps of a car
dealership, point to a car
in the lot and say, "Oh, I
love the color of that one. Does it have leather seats? It
does? Okay, I'll take it!". Some of
us buy Old English Sheepdog puppies just this
way. However, when buying a car, most of
us want to start it up, see how it runs and have
someone who knows about cars check under the
hood to see if it's mechanically sound.
Testing AND OFA & CERF certification of both
puppy parents is like having a professional
mechanic check under the hood and tell us if
a car is mechanically sound.
OES puppies come
from three types of parents...
Parents If a breeder
both tests and
has those tests
evaluated by the
OFA and CERF, they
have taken one step
in verifying the
health of their
breeding dogs. These
breeders have sought
the expert opinion
of unbiased, third
in the orthopedic
there is a genetic defect, these dogs
will be removed from
If a breeder tests
their breeding dogs
but doesn't have
evaluated by the OFA and
CERF, how are buyers
to substantiate a
breeder's claim of
good health? General
in the orthopedic
fields. If parents
have been tested but not
OFA/CERF evaluated, ask why.
Would these dogs
pass inspection by
OFA/CERF experts? OFA
rating is rather
purchase price of
just one puppy and
if the testing has
already been done.
You can view current
OFA fees for hips
and elbows here -
and how OFA experts
rate hips here-
If a breeder has not
tested and has not
breeding dogs, they're
only guessing that their
dogs are in good
conditions like hip
genetic eye defects.
It makes sense that
puppies from these
parents would be
"...There are a
run, jump, and
play as if
nothing is wrong
and some dogs
with barely any
changes that are
It can be difficult to convince some breeders of
the importance of OFA certification... until
health conditions begin showing up in their
puppies. A great contract at this point
will not save buyers from having had to witness
first hand the effects of a hidden genetic
defect in the puppy they've grown to love not to
mention the suffering the puppy may have to
endure. Health testing and OFA/CERF
a professional's expert
opinion on health for the
is the breeder sharing
test results if not
through the public
health database of OFA
and CERF? If the
breeder is relying on
their personal vet's
opinion, does he/she
TTere can, at the very
least, be a perceived
conflict of interest if
a breeder is relying
only on their personal
veterinarian's word that
hips and elbows are fine
and dogs are unaffected
by any hereditary eye
Remember that vet's
providing care for a
breeder’s dogs and
puppies, along with
others that will be
produced in the future,
are profiting from their
relationship with the
don't know the first
thing about the health
of the parents that
produced the puppy
before us or in the
pictures on online. OFA
buyers with a higher
level of confidence that
both parents are
physically sound for the
unless of course a
breeder goes on to use
dogs that were certified
Buyers do not need to
rely solely on a breeder's
opinion that their
breeding dogs are of
good health... we can
pass on a puppy if a
breeder cannot provide
OFA and CERF proof
that the minimum of
hips, thyroid and eyes has
been done and the
results are favorable.
OFA and CERF
also add some level of value to a
breeder's reputation if
an expert has said their
dogs are free of say hip
dysplasia. If a breeder
knows there are other
issues in their lines,
they need to test for
and OFA those also, if
testing is available.
It does no good to only
test for hips if a
breeder also knows about
heart problems in the
lines. This is why we
need to ask what
conditions have affected
the lines so we can
make an informed
"Frankly, they all die
of old age." may be true
but dogs could have
suffered from an
inherent condition the
high prices many
breeders are asking for
OES puppies and the
affordable prices of
health certifications in
comparison, is there a
valid reason to test but
not OFA and CERF
Especially if a breeder
doesn't have the expense
of showing or competing
with their dogs. If
isn't confident their
breeding dogs will pass
shouldn't be breeding
ratings allow both breeders
and buyers to know a
little bit about what's
going on INSIDE the parents
that may also be going on
INSIDE their puppies.
Think of other things we buy
that come with 3rd party
cars? Granted, homes
cost a lot more but do we
have someone inspect a house
BEFORE we purchase to see if
there are any hidden
problems because we
ourselves don't know what to
check for? Testing
and OFA/CERF certifying breeding dogs
is as close as we can come
to fulfilling this same
How many litters has the mother
produced and has she been given adequate time to
recover from her preceding litter? Many
responsible breeders skip one heat cycle after a
litter was born before breeding the mother again
so she can again reach
optimal health. She should not be bred every time she can produce puppies.
If a breeder is breeding the mother
consecutively, meaning each heat cycle, be sure
to ask more questions. It's certainly a
red flag if a 2+ year old bitch has produced a
third litter but it may also be a red flag
if the mother has already produced one litter of
puppies in the past year. It could indicate the breeder
focusing too much on the money to be made rather
than producing quality puppies and properly
caring for their breeding dogs. Remember that a healthy mother
has the best chance at producing healthy
and Things to Consider...
People often buy from people they like. A
breeder may be the nicest person you've ever met
but they may be doing irresponsible things as a
breeder. Some have not been educated in
responsible breeding practices and others are
simply focusing on the money to be made from
buyers who don't know any better. You want
the breeder of your puppy to be approachable but
you also want them to be caring, knowledgeable
and responsible. Only you can attempt to
figure out a breeder's motives for breeding...
whether it's for the betterment of the breed or
the money to be made. Puppies may simply
be a "product" to some breeders.
Things to look for in a good OES breeder...
their dogs before breeding them, only using
healthy dogs AND uses a 3rd party rating
like the Orthopedic Foundation For Animals
to verify test results. Does not rely
solely on the their personal vet to
substantiate the test results because of a
possible or perceived conflict of interest.
Carefully researches the lines of their
breeding dogs to ensure the best possible
uses breeding dogs with good temperaments.
Provides all age appropriate
vaccinations and wormings required to ensure
you will receive a healthy puppy.
contract that requires an owner to return
the OES they purchased to them if they can
no longer keep or maintain it for any reason
during the lifetime of the dog. Also
outlines what will happen if a
puppy purchased is proven to sick or have a genetic
or provides buyers with educational
resources on how to
properly groom and care for every OES they sell.
up periodically with the buyer to be certain
the dog they sold is safe and still wanted.
Cleanliness. Unless you're looking for
a puppy that will live out with your goats
and sheep, you'll likely want a puppy that's
been living inside and
interacting/socializing daily with people Be observant of the
surroundings where the dogs are being kept.
puppies clean, are their eyes clear, are
their ears clean?
area where the puppies are living kept
clean? Poop and pee happen especially
when there are 6-12 puppies running around
but it needs to be cleaned up and shouldn't
be staining or stuck in their coats.
mother clean, adequately groomed and does
she appear healthy?
mother nurturing and loving toward her
housetraining already begun?
the puppy respond to bathing?
the temperament of the puppy being offered
to me? Dominant, submissive,
confident, shy, etc. Be sure to convey
to the breeder your plans for this puppy-
show, agility, herding, therapy, etc.
AKC Registered: This means that the
American Kennel Club accepted fees and paperwork
for that puppy and that puppy is supposed to be
an Old English Sheepdog. It says nothing
about the health or temperament of the puppy nor
the living conditions or breeding practices of
the breeder. AKC registration does not
mean you have purchased a quality Old English
Sheepdog. AKC registered puppies can come
from anyone... show breeders, hobby breeders, backyard
FDA breeders or puppymill situations.
United Kennel Club registry focuses on
performance such as obedience, conformation,
agility, dock jumping, weight pull, etc.
Your puppy should be at least 8
weeks of age. Some state laws require
it. An OES puppy leaving it's mother and
littermates any sooner may not learn bite
inhibition and proper dog behavior that only
dogs can teach. Remember, you are looking
for an OES that has the best potential in
becoming a good companion for the next 10-15
years. So while you may be tempted, PLEASE do NOT accept an OES puppy less than
8 weeks of age. A breeder allowing puppies
to go before this age may simply be tired of
cleaning up after all the little ones,
choosing to no longer put money into feeding and
caring for them or leaving on vacation. Orphaned puppies
will still benefit from the supervised interaction with
your puppy is an orphan or a "singleton" (only 1
puppy in the litter), speak with a trainer or
vet about possibly fostering a
HEALTHY puppy close to the same age from your
local shelter or rescue that appears to have a
age can I pick up the puppy? __________________________
Parents On The Premises: This may
simply mean it was a breeding of convenience and
not carefully researched and planned. It
could mean the breeder isn't very selective in
their breeding practices. Look further
into why the two adults were bred and the family
relationship between the two.
Champion Bloodlines: Keep in mind that
this phrase can be used as a marketing tool. Many OESs have
champions in their bloodlines... it depends on
how far back those champions are. It's
much more impressive if the mother and father are
champions. Example: Champion Sired.
If a breeder is using this term, they must feel
a championship is important so both breeding
parents should have theirs.
Show Potential: A breeder that
shows their dogs has a better chance of
declaring a puppy has "show potential". If
the breeder doesn't show their dogs in
conformation (meaning dog shows), how do they know for a fact that the
puppy has show
potential? Ask how they they reached
the opinion that their puppies are truly show
worthy. If a breeder has the ability to
advertise that a puppy has show potential, they
should likely be able to guide you through the
intricacies and art of show dog handling and show
White or Snow Caps, Blue Eyes: This may indicate
the breeder is focusing too much on producing
white headed dogs with blue eyes and less on
health and temperament. Some breeders may
actually market puppies as rare if they have
these characteristics or may charge a higher
fee. If considering a puppy with
"blue-eyed, snowcap" characteristics, ask
whether the puppies have been BAER hearing
tested. This will ensure you haven't just
spent hundreds of dollars on a deaf Old English
Male Puppies: When buying a male
puppy, one of the first questions should be is whether the
puppy's testicles have descended into the
scrotum. Do not be embarrassed to ask. If neither or only one
testicle has dropped by 8 weeks of age, the
puppy may be cryptorchid. A
knowledgeable and experienced breeder will know
to check their male puppies for this genetic
An undescended or retained testicle is said to
cause a higher risk of testicular cancer and should be
removed at the age your vet
feels is appropriate. Surgery is usually
more expensive because the veterinarian often
needs to search for the missing testicle which
can sometimes result in more invasive abdominal
surgery. The retained testicle(s) MUST
be removed not only because of the future cancer
risk but also because of possible behavioral
problems that can indeed occur if the dog is
Before committing to a cryptorchid
puppy, ask your vet the fee for neutering both a
normal and cryptochid dog so you understand the
difference in surgery fees. These dogs will make great companions if properly
neutered but cryptorchid
dogs cannot be shown in conformation and should
not be bred because it's considered a genetic
condition that can be passed on to his sons and
carried by his daughters. It's also
another reason to buy a puppy produced by a sire
with his conformation championship... judges
always make that quick check at the back of the
dog to be sure they have both testicles.
both testicles of all male puppies in this
Bloodlines Are OFA Certified: This
appears to be a newer term in marketing puppies.
It only means that somewhere in the puppy's
lineage, an Old English Sheepdog had been OFA
rated for health. It does not indicate how
far back a relative dog was tested nor what the
results of those tests were. You
want your puppy's parents, grandparents, etc. to
have been OFA rated and the test results to have
Price: What makes a puppy worth the
asking price? More than $500 and you'll
probably want to start asking what is it that
makes this puppy worth the money. Some
breeders ask $800 to $1,000 or more but haven't
tested/OFA evaluated both parents for a minimum
of hips and eyes. Some
breeders base pricing on whatever the market
will bear... supply and demand. Others
simply copy what other breeders are charging
without matching all the education, study, care,
testing, training, showing that goes into justifiably higher prices.
And some breeders might be setting prices based on the
cost of their next vehicle, vacation or child's
A responsible breeder's
puppy prices are often based on their knowledge,
expertise and proof of quality (the breeding
dogs are champions in
conformation, proven performance
dogs, certified therapy
dogs or something else). They may have or have had a mentor
guiding them about responsible breeding
practices. Careful planning, research and
selection of the mother and father is essential. Add to that, health testing, the cost of showing
or competing with their dogs
(travel, motel, entry fees, etc.). A
responsible breeder will also have a well thought out contract that
states this puppy
will never become a burden on shelters, rescues
or society in general... that they have the
first option to buy the dog back, must approve
any new home or that the dog must simply be
returned to them if the buyer can no longer keep
the dog for any reason. And the
responsible breeder will be there for the
lifetime of that dog. Note however that
just because a breeder shows their dogs should NOT be considered a stamp of approval. Ask all the questions you
feel are important when buying your next OES.
Vet Bred/Vet Raised: If a vet is
breeding and raising puppies, they know the
importance of pretesting and third party
verification of the health of their breeding
dogs. Ask for the OFA ratings on hips,
CERF and thyroid at the very least... do not
settle for a breeder's or breeder's vet's
opinion on test results because
they may not be impartial or educated enough to
be giving those opinions.
Beware The Rave Reviews Of Recent Buyers:
Most people who have recently
purchased an Old English Sheepdog puppy are
still flying high on the euphoric experience of
bringing one of these amazing dogs into their
lives. This usually applies to any OES
puppy no matter the source. Reviews about
a person's 2-5 years old dog will give you a
better view of the breeder's after sale support and the
health and temperament of the dogs they produce.
See if the 2-5 year old OES is still everything
the buyer had hoped for. This will give
you a better view of the buyer's experience.
If reviews are posted online, ask whether these
are all the reviews that have been posted. Some online
advertising mediums allow breeders to remove
less favorable reviews making the breeder look
much more impressive.
Multiple Breeds Offered: Ask what other
breeds of dogs they produce as this may help you
to determine the breeder's dedication to Old
English Sheepdogs. A red flag might be
that they offer multiple breeds or mix-breed
dogs offered as designer breeds... an example
may be a Sheepadoodle. Note however
that, except for the mix-breed "designer" dogs, this may
very well be
negated if the breeder shows all of the purebred
breeds offered in conformation or competes in agility,
herding, etc. and has health testing done on all
breed any other breeds of dogs or animals?
Do you breed designer dogs?
Guarantee: READ that
contract before you put a deposit on a puppy or
get emotionally wrapped up in a particular
litter or pup. It's unfair for a breeder
to wait until delivering a puppy for you to
finally get a look at the contract. It's
also unfair for you to invest several months
waiting for puppy only to find a few days before
receiving him/her that the contact is less than
acceptable. Some puppies are in
fact sold on a contract that
specifically states the puppy is NOT guaranteed to
be free of genetic defects. Look elsewhere if this is the
case and you're about to pay a lot of money.
Don't set yourself up for disappointment... it's
better to pass on a breeder early on.
Then too, some guarantees state they cover
life-threatening conditions. But a non-life threatening condition could
be as serious as hip dysplasia, PRA
(blindness), deafness, etc.
While these conditions won't kill
the dog, they may end your dreams of
having a normal companion, limit
your activities together and in the
long run cost you more money for medical care...
not to mention the possible suffering of your
companion Old English Sheepdog.
Here are some important
considerations about a
purchase agreement and contract...
Will the puppy I purchase come
with a health guarantee and exactly what
does it cover?
To what age
is this health guarantee good
and how long after arrival do I have to
get a wellness check by a licensed
puppy has a non-life threatening
condition like Hip Dysplasia,
PRA, deafness, etc.
exactly what will the breeder
offer to do, if anything?
Will I be required to return the
unhealthy puppy to
the breeder or will the breeder
offer a partial refund and allow
me to keep the puppy I've
already bonded with? What
percentage of the purchase price will be
puppy has a non-life threatening
defect like Hip Displasia and
the breeder's contract requires me to
return the puppy for one from their next
litter, will the next pup come from
two different parents or the same
parents that produced this
defective puppy OR will I be
offered a full refund?
puppy came to you from a distance or arrived on
an airline, you will likely be responsible for
getting the puppy back to the breeder AND
getting a new puppy to you. Who pays these
transportation fees if the puppy is deemed
unhealthy? Just a few things to consider
before buying your puppy. Be sure to get
it in writing!
Only put down a deposit if you are
certain you want a puppy from this
particular breeder. Get it in
writing that the deposit will be refunded if
their female fails to produce any
live puppies or simply doesn't have
a puppy for you. If they have
only one female, you may be
committed to waiting a very long time
if she's failed to produce a litter.
There are some breeders
that will not accept a deposit...
they want to get to know you before
committing a puppy to your care.
Not a bad thing because they're
putting the welfare of the puppy
before the money and the buyer's
feelings. Though it can
be nerve wracking for the buyer.
Still, ask to review the purchase agreement early
on to see if it's worth awaiting their approval.
require a deposit?
How much is the deposit? $___________
Will you refund my deposit if you cannot
provide me with a puppy from this litter?
If You Are
Ever Unable To Keep This Puppy or
The Adult Dog: A responsible
breeder makes it part of their written contract
that if for any reason the buyer can no longer
keep this dog that it is to be returned to them
OR that they are to actively assist in rehoming
and approving a new home for the dog. A
responsible breeder will never allow one of
their dogs to be a burden to shelters, rescues
or society. They want to be certain the
dog they sold will spend it's life in a
qualified home where it will be properly cared
for. If this is not part of the
contract, it might be prudent to ask why.
Registration: There are two
types of AKC registration...
limited registration, the buyer
is not given rights to register
any puppies that this particular
puppy may produce in the
future. Dogs with limited
registration cannot be shown in conformation
but can participate in other events like
obedience, agility and herding.
Breeders will make it part of the
purchase agreement that a
puppy purchased from them must be spayed/neutered by
a specific age.
age must this puppy be spayed/neutered?
registration gives the buyer the
right to register puppies this
particular puppy may produce in
the future as long as both
parents are registered Old
Some breeders will advertise
full registration as a buying
incentive. This is
almost always careless and not in the best
interest of these puppies, future puppies nor
the breed in general. Future breeding
rights should only be extended
when a puppy is co-owned by the
breeder and the breeder is
mentoring and closely monitoring the owner on
responsible breeding practices.
* Note: If
your puppy does not come with
"papers", meaning it wasn't
registration through the
American Kennel Club, it might
both parents were never AKC
both parents had been sold
on a limited registration
contract so the breeder
doesn't have permission from
the seller to be breeding
parents may not have been
Old English Sheepdogs.
breeder simply didn't register the
litter for whatever reason.
After Sale Support From The Breeder:
Show breeder or hobby breeder, ask what type of
support you'll receive from the breeder after
you purchase one of their puppies. A
dedicated breeder will take time to share
information on how to properly care for and groom
the Old English Sheepdog you are purchasing from
them. They want to ensure their puppy will
be well cared for. A few select breeders will even
demonstrate how to properly groom the dog. But many
times, these transactions take place from
hundreds of miles away so distance plays a
factor in how the breeder educates the buyer.
Some breeders do not provide adequate after sale support or
instructions on how to properly groom and care
for the Old English Sheepdog. If this is
your first OES and your breeder has failed to
support and information you need, a place to visit for
guidance and information about Old English
Sheepdogs is the OES.org forum-
Illness & Accident Insurance Policies:
Problems can appear even in the best of lines
and in dogs from the most selective of breeders.
No matter who you purchase your next Old English
Sheepdog from, consider purchasing health
insurance coverage for at least the first 1-2 years.
There are even a few policies that now
cover genetic conditions like hip dysplasia
(some require an exam).
Whether insurance is a good investment is
something you will need to decide for yourself.
These questions may help you determine this...
be able to afford the level of care I would
deem needed if a major health problem
this dog requires continued care or multiple
will happen if I instead chose to put money
aside for medical care but the funds are
needed early on or I just haven't saved
afford to pay if more than one serious
illness or accident occurs?
vet allow me to make payments if my dog
needs care and I can't afford to pay?
plan may be depleted quickly with just one
but is still a good option. If you choose to
carry health insurance on your dog, select a
policy very carefully because all
policies are not created equal. Remember
to take out coverage BEFORE you dog ever gets
sick or injured or you could be excluded from
ever obtaining insurance on this particular dog.
information provided here may help you make a
better or at least more informed
decision. This list is surely not complete
and in the end, the decision is of course yours.
No matter what puppy you finally select, best wishes
to you and your next OES companion!
Until You Find Me, Inc. 3946 Park Lane - Traverse City, Michigan 49686
Old English Sheepdog &
Shaggy Dog Rescue Assistance.